t
OTRC
Faculty

Fritz L. Laux, PhD

Professor of Economics, Department of Accounting and Finance, Northeastern State University

Dr. Laux got his PhD in economics, with a specialization in microeconomic theory, from the University of Maryland at College Park, in 1997. Leaving Maryland he taught business strategy at the Mexican Technological Institute (el ITAM) in Mexico City, Mexico. He was coordinator of undergraduate instruction in strategy when he left Mexico in 2003 for a visiting research position at the Institute for Health Research and Policy at the University of Illinois at Chicago. From there he took a position at Northeastern State University in Tahlequah, teaching economics.

Dr. Laux’s niche in tobacco research has been in his theoretical contributions. This started with research he did for the FDA in the mid-1990s, in which he used data to illustrate that the main reason we regulate cigarettes is not because of externality effects, such as second-hand smoke, but rather because of the much larger harm that smokers do to themselves, via failures in self-control. Further, to the extent that external effects drive costs, the peer effects of smoking on cigarette demand seem to be more important that second-hand smoke. Using theoretical arguments and suggesting strategies for econometric work, Laux has contributed to a series of papers produced by the International Tobacco Control project. In Oklahoma, Laux has focused on the smoke-free air and bringing data to the analysis of incentives behind tobacco sales in tribal jurisdictions.


Education:

Degree Granting Institutions
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, PhD, 1997, Economics
Univeresity of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, MBA, 1984, Quantitative Analysis (Operations Research)
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, BA, 1982, Political and Social Thought (Humanities)


Grant Funding:

Co-investigator, heading up Oklahoma operations, for a National-Cancer-Institute-funded demonstration project being done as an add-on for the NATO CAP (Networks Among Tribal Organizations for Clean Air Policies) project. Our Oklahoma-based activity involved seeking input from tribal leaders and testing field approaches to prepare tribal smoke shops for FDA supervision. This provided $32,000 in direct funding for fiscal year 2015.

Scholar appointment for the Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center (OTRC), July 2013-June 2016. Via cooperative agreement between Northeastern State University (NSU) and the OTRC, this contract provides 50% salary support, to reduce my teaching load, and a small stipend.

Participant in the Tobacco Regulatory Economics Working Group, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and coordinated by Ken Warner of the University of Michigan. 2014.

Consultant for International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey funded by the U.S. NIH and Canadian Institute of Health. 2004-2014.

Gailey Fellowship, July 2012 through June 2014, $10,000 grant from the NSU College of Business in support of tobacco research.

Principle investigator for $56,000 research project investigating the pricing behavior of tribal smoke shops in Oklahoma--funded by the Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, May 2010 - June 2011.

Co-investigator for a contract funded by the Illinois Department of Public Health to research the economic impact of smoking restrictions on Illinois restaurants, April 2004 - June 2004.

Co-investigator on a grant from the Canadian Institute for Health Research entitled "International Tobacco Control Policy Survey," July 2003 - June 2004.

Co-investigator on a grant from the, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on a grant entitled "International Tobacco Evidence Network," July 2003 - June 2004.


Selected Publications:

Laux FL, Buckskin SD, “An Oklahoma History of Cigarette Taxation,” Tobacco Regulatory Science, 2017; 3(1): 17-28.

Laux FL, “Economic Impact of Oklahoma’s Smoke-Free Air Policies on Restaurants,” Oklahoma State Medical Association Journal, 2016; 108(11): 464-471.

Laux, FL, Chaloupka FJ, Beebe LA, “Excise Tax and Pricing Differentials at Tribal Smoke Shops in Oklahoma: Opportunities for Harmonization,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2015; 48(1, suppl 1): s111-19.

Chaloupka FJ, Warner KE, Acemoglu KD, Gruber JH, Laux FL, Max WB, Newhouse JP, Schelling TC, Sindelar JL. “An Evaluation of FDA’s Analysis of the Costs and Benefits of the Graphic Warning Label Regulation,” Tobacco Control, 2015; 24: 112-19.

Laux, FL, Jackson BK, Halpern JP, “The Impact of Oklahoma Tobacco Settlement Spending on Research: Economic Activity and Welfare Effects,” Southwestern Economic Review, 2015; 42: 99-111.

Hitchman SC, Fong GT, Zanna MP, Trasher JF, Laux FL, “The relation between number of smoking friends, and quit intentions, attempts, and success: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project Four Country Survey Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2014; 28(4): 1144-52.

Sansone N, Fong GT, Lee WB, Laux FL, Sirirassamee B, Seo HG, Omar M, Jiang Y, "Comparing the experience of regret and its predictors among smokers in four Asian countries: Findings from the ITC Surveys in Thailand, South Korea, Malaysia, and China," Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2013; 15(10): 1663-72.

Laux FL and Peck RM, “The Economics of Addiction: Hyperbolic Discounting and Internalities,” Journal of Economics, 2009; 35(2); 1-22.

Hosking W, Borland R, Yong HH, Fong GT, Zanna MP, Laux FL, Thrasher J, Lee W, Sirirassamee B, Omar M, 2009, “The effects of norms and attitudes towards smoking on interest in quitting in Malaysia, Thailand, and four Western nations: A cross-cultural comparison,” Psychology and Health, 2009; 24(1): 95-107.

Hyland A, Laux FL, Higbee C, Hastings G, Ross H, Chaloupka FJ, 2006, “Cigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey,” Tobacco Control, 2006; 15(suppl. 3): iii59-64.

Thompson ME, Fong GT, Hammond D, Boudreau C, Driezen P, Hyland A, Borland R, Cummings KM, Hastings GB, Siahpush M, Mackintosh AM, Laux FL, “Methods of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey,” Tobacco Control, 2006; 15(supl. 3): iii12-18.

Fong GT, Hammond D, Laux FL, Zanna MP, Cummings KM, Borland R, Ross H, 2004, “The Near-Universal Experience of Regret Among Smokers in Four Countries: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2004; 6(suppl. 3): s341-51.

Laux FL, 2000, “Addiction as a Market Failure: Using Rational Addiction Results to Justify Tobacco Regulation,” Journal of Health Economics, 2000; 19(4): 421-437.

Working papers:

Laux FL, Nez Henderson P, Soto C, Leischow SJ, “Tobacco Retailing Behavior in Tribal Jurisdictions: Results from the Field,” awaiting Navajo Nation IRB release before submission for publication (2016).

Chaloupka FJ, Huang J, Laux FL, 2016, “A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Oklahoma Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues,” Tobacconomics.org, 29 Jan 2016. Available at http://tobacconomics.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/2016-OK-Chaloupka-Report-1-28-16.pdf.